During the time that I served as vice-chancellor of the University of Delhi, I used to fantasize approximately the possibility of Srinivas Ramanujan turning up (immediately from the Madras University of his time) at my university inside the twenty-first century. Of direction, any such compulsion would have been dictated using his incapability to clear the primary-12 month’s BA exam of the Madras University of yore, within the hope that Delhi University, in this modern age, would welcome him. But, had I granted him admission on the premise of his excellent work in arithmetic, I would have been subjected to a courtroom of inquiry for transgressing guidelines now not of my choosing nor my making. Contrast this with what virtually took place to Ramanujan when G.H. Hardy-at Cambridge University-heard of his plight. Ramanujan turned into introduced over to Cambridge with complete funding-with only an excessive faculty qualification to his call-and awarded an everyday Ph.D. Remember, this turned into one hundred years ago. Indian institutions of mastering have seemingly now not imbibed lots in the realm of better schooling in that period.
So I will welcome the effort of the government at fostering a New Education Policy (NEP). However, I do have blended feelings. (Also, I should state that I regard Dr. K. Kasturirangan as a pal, philosopher, and mentor.) At his request, I reviewed an initial version of the record. I have thus been aware of numerous commendable and long way-reaching suggestions that the NEP has espoused. In a similar vein, I turned into also aware of some of its shortcomings.
At a personal stage, I have consistently held the view that we must tread carefully with the concept of national coverage for training. Such practices smack of socialist, or even communist, overtones. If we are trying to find to bind a kingdom into a protracted-term prescriptive policy for education, then it could fail to nurture genuine innovation in schooling.
Since the file underneath discussion appears to be more than a little enamored of Ivy League institutions, permit me to state that no formal coverage seems to have caused the introduction of the Ivy League institutions or to the creation of Oxford, Cambridge or MIT. The closest resemblance to coverage for schooling is the Harvard Document of 1945. It turned into meant to draw interest to the wishes and challenges of better education within the context of a newly assertive and pre-eminent US inside the put up-war length. It turned into meant to be a record for the future. Incidentally, Harvard began to conform to the Harvard that we renowned in 1870. This took place while the neighborhood government relinquished control, and civil society, as well as Harvard alumni, stepped in to manage the university. Perhaps there may be a lesson in this for us. There is every other lesson that may be in keep for us. The Ivy League institutions and some other comparable pre-eminent universities in the US-with all the information at their disposal-have been actively worried in the cataclysmic, global monetary meltdown of 2008. So it may be smart to be a chunk cautious in our efforts to emulate them. I could be wary of inviting a lot of them to installation campuses in India because the NEP seems to indicate.
At the identical time, I do suggest being attentive to the awareness of those whose work has a predictive and prescriptive connect to the destiny. As an example, I draw attention to the 2015 ebook by Harvard’s Joseph Nye: Is the American Century Over? Nye observes that in this 21st century, there are only two international locations that could overtake the economic pre-eminence of the United States: India and China. However, he cites three main reasons why India is not possible to be triumphant; this kind of 3 is-as he puts it-the poor satisfactory of India’s universities.
Does the NEP grapple in an overt style with one of this assignment? I am no longer so specific. To my mind, this draft coverage file is trying to rectify things that have not worked nicely in the beyond. Perhaps this has taken its interest far from some other needs for the destiny. To be truthful, it does make several commendable guidelines. For example, it strongly recommends that establishments that cope with formal stages in training cannot be standalone establishments in the single area of education, but ought to be positioned in multidisciplinary establishments. This is indeed very welcome and wise.
However, the pointers could have had more clarity had this draft report commenced with a clean that means and motive of training with an accompanying realistic pedagogical philosophy. Such as from the ones nearly self-obtrusive truths enunciated over a while by using the smart ones thru precept and instance. Gandhi and Tagore strongly put forth that in training, what one does with one’s fingers enters the heart. This is also amply, and sensibly, validated by way of the extraordinary guru Haridrumat-when dealing with Satyakam-inside the Chandogya Upanishad. It is again so simply emphasized using the Mimansa school of philosophy while it says that know-how without movement is incomprehensible. The message right here is that pedagogy needs to sincerely use the fact that talents and expertise cross hand-in-hand. The lives and examples of all of the remarkable ones-nearly without exception-educate us this; have a look at Kabir, Faraday, Raman, Newton, Darwin, Mendel, Guru Nanak, Gandhi, Feynman. The list is limitless. Einstein too changed into a skilled craftsman, who held greater than 50 patents and inventions to his credit score. This, to my thoughts, is the authentic and everlasting pedagogical precept that have to were inscribed inside the document below discussion. It might have been so clear and logical to then draw guidelines and inferences and pathways for colleges, colleges, and universities thru this one unmarried thread.
My faith suggests more attention-in realistic phrases-to experimenting with technology for training. The document emphasizes the usage of big open on-line publications (MOOCs). I worry that their effectiveness is being more and more wondered. I am aware of many instances in which other technological pathways have enabled younger youngsters to teach themselves; every so often thru games and frequently via academic inputs. Home-education-a growing movement-and its versions, coupled with technology, keep the vast potential for a college education. I want the document had spent a little time on such regions. Perhaps it needs to have foreseen that the blackboard must and could recede and that the instructor will evolve into a mentor who fosters project-primarily based learning, in businesses which have trans-disciplinarity and real-global connections embedded in them. I also desire, if at all coverage has to behave, it has to locate a few methods of defensive school schooling from the notably damaging effects of examinations which include those for entrance to the IITs.
It is commendable that the document recommends that the emphasis on the early school degree have to be on language and arithmetic. But, it does not appear to emphasize the need to do that through a harmonious mixture of arithmetic and style, in an enjoyable way. Playing creative games via era is the way of the destiny. India ought to construct systems that allow this on a concern basis. I know of infinite children in lots of elements of the world who’ve end up adept at arithmetic and language through era-primarily based gaming.
Interestingly, the report espouses a liberal training format at the undergraduate stage, with many features similar to those we tried on the University of Delhi. India has an urgent need to convert its undergraduate systems of learning. Our cognizance and energies should lie here, at the side of school education. The record could have been more precise about the sound pedagogy, which can even help India’s economic wishes. We had confirmed this to proper effect at Delhi University. The NEP recommendations with shape, which include a three-year and a 4-year program, are very welcome. I wish that the substance hoped in terms of authentic trans-disciplinarity and the proper pedagogy shall comply with.
My other statement is that it would be some extra distance effective as a file of the future had it tried to redefine the idea of education and hence redefine academic institutions. Khan, of the famous Khan Academy, says, “I assume in 10 years you will have globally recognized credentials which are impartial of any man or woman educational institution. To attain them, you need to prove skill competency, have excellent peer critiques and an outstanding portfolio.” Add to this the terrible new ideas that are redefining universities of the destiny, which includes those emanating from a set at MIT. The NEP may additionally desire to include some of those suggestions.